Child Fever

Child Fever

April 9, 2020 8:19 am Published by

Child Fever Explained

The human body temperature works within a narrow range – particularly for children. If a child’s temperature is over 37.5° C – measured by a thermometer under the armpit or tongue – he/she has a fever.

Symptoms may include a flushed face, feeling hot in the forehead or body, or in some cases shivery with cold feet and hands. Your child may also seem tired or unwell.

Causes of Child Fever

Fever is often a way for the body to show that it is fighting infection. Infections (particularly colds and flu which affect the upper respiratory tract) represent by far the most common cause of fever. However, such infections are frequently caused by viruses, so the body may often heal itself through its own natural processes, without the need for antibiotics.
For bacterial infections such as ear, throat, urinary or others, antibiotics prescribed by your doctor may be necessary to help in the healing process.
Fever could also simply be due to prolonged sun exposure on a hot day, hence it does not always need to be treated.
Teething can cause a small degree of fever for a short period of time (about 24 hours).?

When is it Necessary to See a Pediatrician
You should see your doctor if your child has a fever and

  • is only six months or less and seems very ill.
  • is very young with signs of earache, vomiting, bulging of the fontanelle (the soft spot on a baby’s head), problems in swallowing, fast breathing, a rash, sleepiness or drowsiness.

Older children with fever who might have a cold but are not particularly ill don’t need to see a doctor each time they have a fever, unless it does not respond to the basic ways of management detailed later and persists for more than a few days.

A rapidly-increasing fever could bring on convulsions (fits) in children – especially those under the age of five. These are not necessarily dangerous but could be a matter for concern. This could be prevented by keeping a child’s temperature from climbing too high.

How to Manage Child Fever

As mentioned, fever is a natural way of fighting infection, Hence if mild, it does not always necessarily need to be treated. If your child feels very hot and uncomfortable, these are some basic steps that you can follow at home.

  • Remove clothing
  • Provide relief by maintaining the temperature closer to normal levels (i.e. below 37°C) through a tap water bath or sponging
  • Try decreasing the body temperature with the recommended doses of medicines such as Panadol or Adol – being extremely careful to stick to safe dosage levels
  • Keep the child well-hydrated with plenty of water – a child with fever requires more fluids than a child without
  • If the fever remains high and your child is still ill, consult a doctor

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